Type 1 vs. type 2 diabetes: how they differ
In type 1 diabetes…
- The body’s own immune system destroys cells that produce insulin. People need to inject themselves with insulin multiple times a day
- Meal planning is very important, to keep blood sugars at the right levels
In type 2 diabetes…
- The body does not make enough insulin or is unable to use it properly
- People need to manage their type 2 diabetes through regular exercise and a healthy diet
- Some people may also need to take oral medications and/or insulin
Who can develop type 2 diabetes?
Anyone can develop diabetes. Some things that indicate an increased risk of having diabetes are:
- Having a close relative with the disease
- Being a member of a high-risk group including Aboriginal, Hispanic, South Asian, Asian or African descent
- High blood pressure, cholesterol or being overweight
Should I get tested?
Diabetes Canada urges all Canadians over 40 years old to be tested for diabetes at least once every three years. This can be done using a simple blood test.