Skip to main content

Glycemic Index

You’ve probably heard this term in conversations with healthcare professionals and diabetes educators, but what’s it all about?

A Guide to the Glycemic Index

The Glycemic Index (GI) is a scale that ranks carbohydrate-containing food or drink by how much it raises blood sugar levels after consumption. Foods with a high GI increase blood sugar higher and faster compared to foods with a low GI.

Diabetes Canada uses a colour coding system to highlight foods you should GO for, foods you should approach with CAUTION, and foods you should STOP & THINK about, based on their GI category.

GREEN = GO

GREEN = GO

Low GI (55 or less)
Choose most often
YELLOW = CAUTION

YELLOW = CAUTION

Medium GI (56 to 69)
Choose less often
RED = STOP & THINK

RED = STOP & THINK

High GI (70+)
Choose least often

Let’s take a look at GI breakdowns for the following food groups:

Grains & Starches

Fruits

Milk & Alternatives

Proteins

Continue Reading

Asparagus Asparagus

Nutrition Matters

Did you know there’s a strong link between nutrition and blood sugar management?

Discover the Details
Carbohydrate-rich food Carbohydrate-rich food

Counting Carbs

Understanding carbohydrates – and how to track them – is an important part of diabetes management.

Start Carb Counting
Healthy choices checklist Healthy choices checklist

Healthy Choices Checklist

There are some basic rules
for healthy eating.

See Checklist